21 min (for Al-Jazeera International)
A Film by Laila El-Haddad and Saeed Taji Farouky
When Israel withdrew from the Sinai Peninsula in 1982, the city of Rafah was suddenly split, between Egypt and Gaza, by an immense metal and concrete wall. Families found themselves divided by a high-security international border, though their houses often lay less than 100m apart.
Before long, influential families moved their business underground, through dozens of secret tunnels burrowed below the Israeli border fence.
Everything moves through Rafah’s tunnels: from cigarettes and drugs to cash and people. It is a vast enterprise, and pays five times an average annual Gaza salary in one month. It is a family business, passed on from father to son and alw... [Extend]